TYPES OF SAWS FOR WOODWORKING And Simple Guidance
TYPES OF SAWS FOR WOODWORKING
If you just started learning how to do woodwork and want to know the basic terminology of this vast topic, then look no more! This article compiles all the different types of saws for woodworking and their uses, and tells you the basic parts and precautions of the table saw, a must have for all woodworkers and carpenters! So, let’s start!
DESCRIBE ALL TYPES OF SAWS FOR WOODWORKING:
There are over 10 types of saws, each having their own purposes and advantages. Some materials and wood types require specific saws of the compatible thickness and sharpness. So let’s look at each of them:
1. THE BASIC HANDSAW:
This handsaw is the most common and iconic from all the others. It consists of a handle behind the blade for holding it, and requires brute force to cut through the wood. So, it is generally recommended for people with brawn.
The hacksaw has a toothed blade as compared to a basic saw’s raw one. It is attached to a C-shaped frame and is generally used for cutting metals and plastics. Because of its small blade, it is not very effective for cutting wood.
3. JAPANESE SAW:
It has a really thin blade with crosscut teeth on one side and rip teeth on the other. It is used for carving corners before cutting and is best used for finishing the cutting with its rip-teeth side.
This saw is the almost the same as a hacksaw, and the word almost is said because it has the ability to detach the blade to cut both metal AND wood.It is also beneficial for making small holes with the detached end of the blade.
This electrical saw is perfect for making straight lines, as the blade is pointed downwards. It requires no skill to operate and is generally used to cut out shapes of wood and other materials.
This electrical saw comes in 2 variants. One is called the worm drive and the other is called the windsider. The worm drive is heavier but can cut easily through hard materials because of its higher torque value. On the other hand, the windsider weighs less but in return, has lesser torque than the other.
This is the most powerful electric saw for cutting wood and metal. It does not make much sound and has very high power for cutting. However, they are unstable and can drift when attention is not paid.
This saw is specialized for cutting corners. They come in 2 variants, the handheld version is fitted with 45 degree and 90 degree guides, and the electric version is great for making custom angles and is ideal for molding and cutting circular corners.
This electrical saw has a really small vibrating blade, and is perfect for medical purposes, including making precise cuts on bones, flesh and skin.One should tread with caution as it can Unsterilized cutting can result in infections.We hope you have known clear ideas about types of saws for woodworking.
It is the most versatile woodworking tool for cutting, molding and bevelling. It is very large in size and isn’t portable. However, it is a must-have for all carpenters and woodworkers who have to do high-scale woodwork and construction.Now we Will discuss table saw beside Types Of Saws For Woodworking.
PARTS OF A TABLE SAW:
Table saws have the same anatomy. All of them have a base, a table,extensions, rails and a rip fence, trunnions, gearing for multiple purposes,the main motor and the arbour assembly. But some of them tend to have more or lesser parts than the other, depending on the purpose. In this heading,we’ll cover the basic parts of a table saw, and for you to understand which is best for your line of work.
1. THE BASE:
The base stores all the parts below the machine and stands as a pillar for the whole machine. It houses the trunnions, arbour assembly, and sometimes the motor, depending on the type of the table saw. It has legs that stand on the ground and supports the whole machine.
2.THE TABLE AND EXTENSIONS:
The Table is usually made of cast iron, and plays an important role on the whole performance of the saw, as the table needs to be flat and durable to cutting for supporting the blade. It is generally made flat with 0.0005’’ tolerance range. The extensions are boltedon the left and right side to support a greater area for work.
3.THE FENCE AND RAILS:
The fence guides the blade to cut the wood of the right width, and can be adjusted according to the needs. They are located on the front and rear edge of the table. The accuracy and quality of the rail plays a great role in the overall performance of the table saw, as a poorly designed fence reduces the cut’s accuracy and diminishes the quality of the wood.
4.THE MITER GAUGE:
The miter gauge is available in most table saws, and allows easy crosscutting. Most tables come with a gauge that can set an angle of 30 to 90 degrees for cutting, and play a minor role in the performance of the saw.
Hobbyist table saws contain a motor of 1-3 HP for cutting small materials, and require standard 110 volt circuitry. High class saw shave a 3-5 HP and require a 220 volt supply. In return, they can withstand hours of continuous cutting and can cut hardwood without any problem in the machinery.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING A TABLE SAW:
Safety is the most important thing to consider when using a table saw, as one accident can stand heavy for your whole life. Always remember, when using a table saw, neglecting the precautions can inflict a lot of personal damage, not only on you, but also on the machine. Some of the following precautions when using a table saw can help you stay cautious from most of the problems often foreseen:
1. Do NOT wear gloves! They will not protect your hand, but loose ones will instead give more room for the rotating blade to grab your hand.
2. Wear short sleeves and don’t wear ties or jewellery. Always remember, any dangling cloth can be stuck in the blade, and can yank you in before you can even react.
3.Keep the floor clean, because the last thing you want is you accidentally tripping and falling on the blade.
4. Make sure the blade has stopped before making any adjustments, as even a slowly moving blade can inflict a vast amount of damage.
5. Use a stick to guide the wood if it is smaller than 6 inches. If smaller,your hand will be closer and more exposed to the blade. Watch out and keep a safe distance of 6 inches or higher from the cutter.